IGBT growth: the supply chain is reshaping in anticipation

The IGBT market, strongly driven by EV/HEVs, will reach US$8.4 billion by 2026.

Extracted from:
IGBT Market & Technology Trends report, Yole Développement, 2021

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Market forecasts :
With US$8.4 billion by 2026, the IGBT market will get a 7.5% growth between 2020 and 2026.
IGBT modules segment will represent 81% of the total market in 2026 during the same period, boosted by EV/HEVs adoption.
More than 80% of the market will be focused on the 600V-1,200V nominal voltage ranges by 2026.
Technology trends:
At the system level, new IGBT voltage levels are covering new voltage ranges: EV inverter move from 400V to 800V, PV inverter move to 1,500V for example.
Analysts also see lot of technical innovations: new generation of IGBT dies, higher efficiency, lower cost for IGBT devices…
IGBT packaging is looking for high reliability, lower cost, lower inductance electrical interconnections. In parallel, IGBT is taking advanced of SiC packaging development.
At the wafer level, analysts see the 300mm IGBT wafer manufacturing trends and a shift to MCZ silicon material.
Supply chain:
IGBT main manufacturers are spread all over the world, but Yole sees also an important growth of Chinese IGBT manufacturers, both foundries and IDMs.
All major players are investing into IGBT manufacturing capacity increase…
The ranking of main IGBT suppliers remains almost unchanged. The top 3 is, in the order, Infineon Technologies, Mitsubishi Electric and onsemi (1).

“With high growth expected for IGBTs, driven mainly by e-mobility, the supply chain is adapting its strategy and investing massively”,asserts Ana Villamor, PhD. Technology & Market Analyst, Power Electronics & Compound Semiconductors at Yole Développement (Yole).She adds: “IGBT is key for numerous power electronics applications. Strongly pushed by EV/HEVs adoption, at Yole, we announce a 7.5% CAGR from 2020 to 2026 to reach US$8.4 billion at the end of the period”.
In addition to EV/HEVs, discrete IGBTs and IGBT power modules can be found in applications like industrial motor drives, wind turbines, photovoltaic installations, trains, UPS , EV charging infrastructure and home appliances. In 2020, the largest IGBT market segments were industrial applications and home appliances. They were closely followed by EV/HEVs, which represented a market of US$509 million in 2020 and which will grow with an impressive 23% CAGR between 2020 and 2026. This is due to the transition from ICE vehicles to EV/HEVs, which is being strongly driven by governments’ targets for CO2 emissions reductions. This transition is further accelerating, due to President Biden’s action plans for the USA as well as the recent EU climate initiative in which all new cars registered in Europe from 2035 will be zero-emission. Therefore, the EV/HEV segment share will more than double by 2026.
“Charging infrastructure is also impacted by government decisions as the deployment of chargers is crucial for the expansion of electric vehicle uptake,” explains Abdoulaye Ly, Technology & Market Analyst, Electronic Power Systems at Yole. “Although charging infrastructure is still a small market for IGBTs, it is expected to increase by more than 300% in the coming five years.”
Released today, the IGBT Market & Technology Trends report from Yole, contributes to the understanding of the overall ecosystem, its latest innovations and the strategy of leading power electronics companies. Including market trends and forecasts, supply chain, technology trends, technical insights, and market segmentations, take away and outlook… This study delivers an impressive overview of the power electronics industry with a special focus on IGBT market segment.
The main IGBT manufacturers are spread all over the world, with historical big players in Europe, USA and Japan.
The largest IGBT manufacturers including Infineon Technologies, Littelfuse, Fuji Electric… offer both discrete IGBTs and IGBT power modules. Large IDMs vertically integrated into systems offer basically IGBT modules. It includes Danfoss, Mitsubishi Electric, CRRC and much more… Most companies positioned with their products on the lower-voltage range offer also discrete IGBTs.
To target the largest IGBT market, all manufacturers offer 600V – 1,200V components, with a new range of products (from 800 to 1,000V). Some manufacturers including Mitsubishi Electric, Toshiba, onsemi, are looking for differentiation from competitors by offering IGBT devices with “intermediary” nominal voltage levels – such as 1,300V, 1,350V, 2,000V…
Yole collaborates with its partner System Plus Consulting all year long, to get an accurate and comprehensive vision of the power electronics industry and identify latest innovations. System Plus Consulting also proposes valuable reports related to the IGBT industry. For example, the reverse engineering and costing company released a dedicated analysis focused on silicon IGBT: Si IGBT Comparison 2021. This report is an impressive overview of the key IGBT technologies and includes a detailed comparison of those solutions. It highlights the main differences and common points in device design and manufacturing processes.
In parallel, System Plus Consulting’s analysts point out IGBT technologies and their impact on device size and production cost. Moreover, the company also announced a specific analysis of the inverter embedded in the Jaguar I-Pace: Vitesco Technologies Power Module in Jaguar I-Pace Inverter.
Yole’s analysts have deeply analyzed the IGBT supply chain and its evolution. Even if the Top3 did not change so much since the previous report (2), the IGBT supply chain is strongly evolving. Objectives are clearly to answer to the market evolution, especially pushed the EV/HEV segment.
Many IGBT players are vertically integrated, especially in device manufacturing and packaging. The fast-growing demand for IGBTs is pushing mergers and acquisitions. The whole supply chain is being reshaped especially with players trying to find the best possible position in the market.
“Companies like Infineon Technologies, Fuji Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Hitachi, onsemi and Toshiba have been in the IGBT business for many years already, with many products commercialized,” comments Milan Rosina, PhD. Principal Analyst at Yole. And he adds: “However, it is important to watch the growth of Chinese IGBT manufacturers, which are catching up fast in development, production and in capacity.”
In addition, as 200mm fab capacity for power devices is relatively full, manufacturing on 300mm wafers enables higher device production capacity to meet the needs of the growing IGBT market. It is not surprising that to increase production volumes over next 10 years all major players are investing in IGBT manufacturing capacity expansions, as the transition to 300mm wafers enables better cost structures to face growing competition with Chinese manufacturers. However, there are several Chinese players that are also expanding to 300mm by enlarging their own factories like HHGrace and CanSemi, or by acquisitions of foreign companies.

So, what is the status of the IGBT industry today? What could we expect for the future, especially with the EV/HEV boost? What are the technical trends? Who are the companies to watch, and what innovative technologies are they working on? How will the impressive investments decided by the IGBT companies impact this industry and its supply chain? Today analysts present the status of the IGBT industry.
All year long, Yole and System Plus Consulting publish numerous power electronics and compound semiconductor reports. Yole has also developed a dedicated compound semiconductor monitor to get a deep understanding of the market evolution and follow the strategy of leading industrials. quarter by quarter.

In addition, analysts realize various key presentations and organize key conferences. Do not miss the next conference, the 23rd European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications with Milan Rosina, PhD. Principal Analyst, Power Electronics & Batteries at Yole Développement. Get more information on i-Micronews today!

Make sure to be aware of the latest news coming from the industry and get an overview of our activities, including interviews with leading companies and more on i-Micronews. Stay tuned!

Note:
(1) Formerly ON Semiconductor.
(2) Except with Hitachi and ABB due to acquisition of ABB Power Grid business.

Acronyms:
IGBT: Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
EV/HEV: Electric Vehicle/Hybrid Electric Vehicles
CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate
EV: Electric Vehicle
SiC: Silicon Carbide
UPS: Uninterruptible Power Supplies
ICE: Internal Combustion Engine
EU: European Union

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